By Cheri Hinshelwood
Prediabetes is a sneaky health condition. It only shows itself with slightly higher than normal blood glucose levels. “Think of prediabetes as a warning sign that you are at higher risk of developing Type 2 diabetes,” said Kim Miller, MSN, RN, certified diabetes educator at Mission Hospital. Take our quiz to see how much you know about controlling your risks of diabetes!
Question #1 – Prediabetes is diagnosed with:
A – Blood pressure
B – Eye exam
C – Cholesterol test
D – Blood test
Question #2 – Risk factors for prediabetes include:
A – Age
B – Family history
C – Race
D – Obesity and sedentary lifestyle
E – High cholesterol
F – Gestational diabetes
G – All of the above
Question #3 – Symptoms that prediabetes has progress to Type 2 diabetes include:
A – Feeling thirsty a lot
B – Urinating more often than usual
C – Feeling very hungry a lot of the time
D – Having blurred vision
E – Losing weight without trying
F – All of the above
Question #4 – Prediabetes can be reversed:
A – True
B – False
D – Any type of diabetes means you have too much glucose in your blood, and it can lead to serious health issues. A blood test to determine either your fasting blood glucose or A1C level can reveal prediabetes. “Since an A1C is not part of routine annual labs, if your fasting blood glucose level is above 100, talk with your doctor about your risks and whether this test would be right for you,” said Miller.
G – According to the North Carolina Department of Health, one in 10 people with prediabetes know they have it. Obesity is the leading cause of prediabetes. “Knowing and managing your lifestyle risks is one of the best things you can do to prevent even prediabetes,” said Miller. Stay fit and active at a healthy weight, especially as you age. Factors like family history and race are out of your control, and diabetes is more common among African Americans, Native Americans and Hispanics.
F – When blood glucose levels reach higher ranges, prediabetes can progress to diabetes. If you have any of these symptoms, contact your doctor immediately. Serious health issues like heart attack, stroke, nerve damage, vision issues and kidney failure can occur when high glucose levels go untreated.
A – Prediabetes can often be reversed with moderate weight loss. According to Mission’s Diabetes Prevention Program, losing just 5 to 10 percent of your body weight can decrease your risk of developing Type 2 diabetes by about 60 percent. “Move more and eat less. Being physically active for 30 minutes five days per week and eating less starchy foods like rice, breads, pastas, sugary drinks is a great place to start,” said Miller.
Kim Miller, MSN, RN, is a certified diabetes educator at Mission Hospital.